Tap to Read ➤

Cuban Revolution Timeline

Manali Oak
In the Cuban Revolution timeline given in this post, you will get to know the revolts that were a part of this revolution and what significance they had.
Cuban Revolution led to the downfall of the regime of General Fulgencio Batista on January 1, 1959. His rule was overthrown by the 26th of July Movement and the efforts of the revolutionary elements within the country. The revolution refers to the social and economic programs implemented by the new government and the execution of Marxist policies after the government of Batista was overthrown.


1952: In March this year, Former President Batista grabbed hold of power with the help of the army.

1953: On 26th July, about 160 revolutionaries, led by Fidel Castro, attacked the Moncada barracks in Santiago de Cuba. Charges were laid on Castro, for his attack. On the 16th of October, he gave a speech 'History Will Absolve Me' in his own defense.
1954: In September this year, Argentine Marxist revolutionary Che Guevara, arrived in the Mexico City. Two months later, Batista dissolved the parliament. He was elected as the unopposed Constitutional President.
1955: Fidel Castro and his brother were introduced to Che Guevara.
1956: On November 25 this year, Fidel Castro accompanied by his brother, Raul, Che Guevara, and Camilo Cienfuegos along with other insurgents started for Cuba. On 2nd December this year, they landed in Oriente Province.
1957: On January 17 this year, Castro earned his first success and started getting followers in and around Cuba. On March 13 the same year, University students launched an attack on the Presidential Palace in Havana.
The attack was not successful. On the 30th of July, Frank Pais, a Cuban revolutionary had to sacrifice his life on the streets while campaigning against the government of Batista.
1958: This year witnessed revolts in different forms. People showed non-cooperation through a strike while there were some prominent armed attacks for abolishment of Batista's government.
In February, Raul Castro opened a front in the Sierra de Cristal. In March, the US suspended the supply of arms to Batista's forces. The 26th of July Movement organized a general strike on April 9, 1958. In May, Batista attempted to destroy Castro's armed forces. The rebels emerged victorious and captured a large amount of arms.
The first Cuba-US hijacking took place when the militants hijacked an airplane that was flying from Miami to Havana. In December, Guevara led a troop of insurgents and attacked Santa Clara. On December 28, they managed to seize it. On 31st December, Camilo Cienfuegos led a group of revolutionaries who clinched a victory in Yaguajay.
1959: On the first day of this year, Batista fled from Cuba after resigning. On January 5, Manuel Urrutia became the President of Cuba. He was its 20th President. On the 16th of February, Fidel Castro became the Prime Minister of Cuba. He was one of the key players in leading the Cuban revolution to success.
Born on January 28, 1853, Jose Marti was a Cuban national hero as well as an important figure in Latin-American literature.
He is known to have arranged the armed expedition that would start the Cuban revolution. He is sometimes referred to as the Apostle of the Cuban Revolution.
Leaders like Fidel Castro, Che Guevara, Raul Castro, Camilo Cienfuegos, and others were instrumental in leading the Cuban revolution. All the important events of this revolution are examples of united effort and strong leadership. Defeats became obstacles in their path. But their unity and courage made Batista succumb to the rebellion. The year 1959 marked the end of the Cuban Revolution.